Thursday, April 28, 2011


2011 Oscar Award:-

1. Best Picture: - ‘The King’s Speech’

2. Best Actor: - Colin Firth, for his role in ‘The King’s Speech’

3. Best Actress: - Natalie Portman for her role in ‘Black Swan’.

4. Best Director: - Tom Hooper for his direction in ‘The King’s Speech’.

2011 Grammy Award: -

1. Album of the year : - The Suburbs, Arcade Fire.

2. Song of the Year: - ‘Need You Now’ , Lady Antebellum , Recovery, Eminem.

3. Female Pop Vocal Performance: - Lady Gaga, ‘Bad Romance’, The Fame Monster.

57th National Film Awards: -

1. Best Picture: - ‘Kutty Srank’ (Malayalam)

2. Best Actor: - Amitabh Bachchan, for his role in ‘Paa’

3. Best Actress: - Ananya Chatterjee for her role in ‘Abohoman’ a Bengali film.

4. Best Director: - Rituparno Ghosh for ‘Abohoman’

5. Best Feature Film on National Integration: - Delhi-6.

6. Best Film of Social issues : - Well Done Abba .

56th Film Fare Award: -

1. Best Film – Dabang.

2. Best Director : - Karan Johar ( My Name is Khan)

3. Best Actor in a Leading Role: - Shahrukh Khan (My Name is Khan).

4. Best Actress in a leading Role: - Kajol (My Name is Khan.

68th Golden Globe Awards:-

1. Best Picture, Drama: - The Social Network.

2. Best Actor: - Colin Firth, The King's Speech.

3. Best Actress : - Natalie Portman, Black Swan.

4. Best Director : - David Fincher , The Social Network.

Dada Sahib Phalke Award for 2009- Noted producer D. Ramanaidu was conferred the Award.

Dada Sahib Phalke Award for 2010 - Director, K. Balachander was conferred the award.

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Solution HAS sample paper -2

1. The main aim of community development programme is All round upliftment of the rural people.
2. Rain water helps to increase in soil the content of nitrogen.
3. The princely state of Shimla Hill state signed the Stand Still Agreement with British Govt. in 1947 – Bilaspur
4. Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh is the largest producer of fish.
5. V.D. Savarkar set up “Abhinav Bharat”.
6. Cheif Justice of India acts as President of India when the offices of president as well as Vice president fall vacant.
7. The upper limit for the total number of minsters in the union council of
Ministers is 15 percent of the total strength of Lok Sabha.
8. In the Individual satyagraha Vinoba Bhave was chosen as the first satyagrahi whereas J.L.Nehru was the second satyagrahi.
9. According to latest census poupulation of Himachal is around 70 lakh.
10. Jwalaji shrine is located in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh.
11. Primary sector is contributing lowest to the National Income but employ largest number of labour in the country.
12. Shigri glacier is located in Lahaul& Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.
13. 18th amendment of 1966 led to the reorganization of Punjab leading to the for mation of Haryana and creation of UT of Chandigarh.
14. The most important competitor to the Indian jute industry is Bangladesh.
15. Norman Myers had coined the term hotspots in respect of biodiversity.
16. Excessive release of the pollutant carbon monoxide ( CO) into the air may produce a condition in which oxygen supply in the human body decreases. This is because the inhaled CO has much higher affinity for hemoglobin as compared to oxygen.
17. Land covered with fresh snow reflects back more sunlight as compared to field covered with paddy, sand desert & Prairie land.
18. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles produce water as a “exhausting”product.
19. Nitrosomonas bacterial strain , developed from natural isolates by genetic manipulations, can be used for treating oil spills.
20. Bluetooth device, Cordless phone, Microwave oven & Wi-Fi device all can operate between 2.4 and 2.5 GHz range of radio frequency band.

Imeportant heads -1

1. National Human Right Commission is an autonomous statutory body established on October 13, 1993. Present Chairman of commission is Justice K.G. Balkrishnan.

2. Chairman of National Commission for Minorities – Mr. Wajahat Habibulah.

3. Chairman of National Commission for Schedule Caste – Sh. P.L.Punia.

4. Chairman of National Commission for Schedule Tribe - Mr. Rameshwar Oroan, a former Union Minister of State for Tribal Affair. Commission for Schedule Tribe was constituted in March, 2004 as per Art 338 of the constitution.

5. Chairman National Commission for Backward Classes- Justice M.N.Rao.

6. Chairman National Commission for women - Yasmeen Abrar.

7. Chief Vigilance Commission was set up by Govt. of india in Feb. 1964 on the recommendation of the commiittee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by K.Sanathan. N.S. Rau was first chief vigilance commissioner of india. Presently post is lying vacant after the removal of Mr. P.J.Thomas as C.V.C. of india.

8. Chief Information Commissioner – Mr. Satyanand Mishra.

9. Census Commissioner and Registrar General of India – Mr. C. Chandramouli.

10. Chairman, 13th Finance Commission – Mr. Vijay Kelkar.

11. Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission- Montek Singh Ahluwalia.

12. Chairman Atomic Energy Commission – Sh. Srikumar Banerjee.

13. Chairman Indian Space Research Organisation – K. Radhakrishnan

14. Chief Election Commissioner – S.Y. Qurashi.

15. Secretary General , Lok Sabha – T.K. Viswanathan.

16. Chairman Sangeet Natak Academy – Leela Samson.

17. Chairman SEBI- U. K. Sinha

18. President FICCI-Harish C. Mariawala.

19. Chairman telecom regulatory authority of india- J.S. Sharma.

20. Director CBI- A. P. Singh.


1. India’s most promising geothermal field is in Puga valley in Laddakh.

2. Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest hydro-electric project in Central Hubei Province, China.

3. Ethanol is also known as grain alcohol.

4. Gasohol is a fuel mixture of 10% ethanol and 90% gasoline.

5. Solar photovoltaic cells are usually made of magnesium.

6. First solar cell was build by C.F. Schonbein.

7. Deuterium oxide in common parlance is called heavy water.

8. ITER is being built in France.

9. An uncontrolled nuclear fusion will lead to hydrogen bomb.

10. Nuclear Fusion reaction involves the use of deuterium and tritium.

11. World Energy Summit was held in Abu Dhaabi in January, 2010.

12. Sites selected for Nuclear Energy Parks in India are Haripur in West Bengal, Mith Virdi in Gujrat, Jaitpur in Maharashtra, Kovvada in Andhra Pradesh and Kudamkulam in Tamil Nadu.

Thursday, April 21, 2011

Basic Facts about Indian Agriculture

1. Agriculture and allied activities contribute to country’s GDP about 14.2%.

2. Silvi Culture is the scientific management of forests for continuous production of concerned products.

3. Agriculture in our country provides livelihood to 60% of the population.

4. India is the largest producer, processor, consumer and exporter of Cashew in the world.

5. As per the final estimates, the production of foodgrains during 2008-09 stood at 234.47 million tones.

6. National Food for Work Programme was launched on November 14, 2004.

7. Top producer of pulses in india - Madhya Pradesh.

8. Agmark is an acronym for agricultural marketing. This organization certifies food products for their quality.

9. In making the saffron spice the parts of the plant which is used – Stigma.

10. The Ministry of Agriculture established the Animal Welfare Board of India at Chennai.

11. Cotton in india grows best on black soil.

12. The largest producer of chillies in the world is India.

13. The ideal temperature for the growth of sugarcane is 20-30oC.

14. Kerala accounts for 90% of India’s rubber production.

15. Operation flood is concerned with the improving the availability of milk in the cities.

16. The most important resin producing state in india is – Himachal Pradesh.

17. U.P. has the largest area under irrigation in terms of total acreage.

18. Gujrat has the largest proportion of its net irrigated area under well irrigation.

19. Kerala is the leading producer of ginger.

20. Andhra Pradesh is the leading producer of red chillies.

21. U.P. is called the sugar bowl of India.

22. Kerala is the leading producer of coconut.

23. The country is estimated to have harvested a record 235.88 million tonnes of foodgrains in the 2010-11 crop year. In 2010-11, the country produced 30.2 million tonnes of oilseeds and 17.2 million tonnes of pulses, 94.5 million tonnes of rice and 84 million tonnes of wheat and maize production was 30 million tonnes, sugarcanes 340 million tonnes and cotton 39 million bales.

24. India coffee export increased nearly by 60% to touch 3,25,116 tonnes in 2010-11. This is the highest quantity ever exported by the country.

25. In India, the seeds of Green Revolution were first tested in the drought year of 1964-65.

26. Rice is a - Tropical plant.

27. The first state in the country to address the agriculture sector in such a big way with the setting up the specific cabinet on agriculture - Bihar.

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Basic Biology-2

1. Our digestive system starts from the mouth and passing through oesophagus , stomach and small intestine finally ends into larger intestine. Absorption of digested food is mainly takes place in small intestine.

2. Bile which is made in our liver breaks down fat in the food we eat.

3. Liver is the largest internal organ. Liver convert sugars and store and release them as needed, thereby regulating our blood sugar level; break down fats and produce cholesterol; remove ammonia from our body and produce blood proteins including blood clotting factors. Jaundice damages liver, sign of jaundice is yellowness in our eyes and skin.

4. Pancrease: - produce insulin which lowers blood glucose levels by stimulating cells throughout our body to use and store glucose.

5. Cerebrum is the largest part of our brain. The front section of our cerebrum, the frontal lobe, is involved in speech, thought, emotion and skilled movements.

6. Cerebellum is the second largest part of our brain. It is involved in coordinating muscles to allow precise movements and control of balance and posture.

7. Thalamus acts as a relay station for incoming sensory nerve impulses, sending them on to appropriate regions of our brain for processing. It is responsible for letting our brain known what is happening outside our body.

8. Hypothalmus plays a vial role in keeping conditions inside our body constant.

9. Artery is a blood vessel that carries pure blood away from the heart towards in organ.

10. Vein is a blood vessel that carries impure blood from an organ towards the heart.

11. An adult man normally have 5.6 litres of blood. The pH of blood is 7.4.

12. RBC are made in embryo by the liver or spleen but after birth they are formed in red bone marrow. Erythrocytes contain a protein called Haemoglobin which gives them red colour.

13. WBC are constantly manufactured in red bone marrow, spleen, thymus and lymph nodes. The main function of WBC are to transport substance, remove dead cells and decaying tissues, fight bacteria and act as guardians of the circulatory system.

14. Our outer ear includes Pinna which collects the sound waves and direct them towards ear drum.

15. Kidney stones are of two types oxalate crystals and urice acid crystals. Uric acid crystals can accumulate in other places in the body as well.

Monday, April 18, 2011

Basic Biology

  1. DNA finger printing was discovered by Sir Alec Jeffreys.
  2. Glycogen is our body’s major fuel source and is sometimes referred to as blood sugar.
  3. 1gram fat provides 9 calories- more than double the calories in 1gram of protein or carbohydrates.
  4. Iron is the raw material for RBC, while iodine for thyroid gland functioning.
  5. Calcium is the raw material for bone and teeth formation and regulating the blood pressure.
  6. Proteins consists of smaller units called amino acids.
  7. An average man contains about 45 liters of water which is 70% of the body weight.
  8. Vitamin A, D, E & K are fat soluble while vitamin B & C are water soluble.
  9. Egg is the rich source of all nutrients except Vitamin C.
  10. Vitamin A chemical name Retinol is known as anti-infective vitamin. Its deficiency causes night blindness, Xerophthalmia, retarded growth.
  11. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is essential for healthy nerves and mucous membranes. Its deficiency causes Beri-beri, loss apetite and weight etc.
  12. Vitamin B6(Riboflovin) is essential for protein metabolism and blood formation. Its deficiency causes mild anaemia, low resistance to infection etc.
  13. Vitamin B12 (Cytamine) is essential for the development of red blood cells. Its deficiency cause acute form of anaemia.
  14. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) It provides the collagen which binds the cell together and helps in keeping the skin elastic and supple. Milk is deficient in it. Its deficiency causes Scurvy.
  15. Vitamin D (Calcipherol) is essential for absorption of calcium and phosphates in the body so it regulates the bone and teeth formation. Its deficiency results in rickets .
  16. Vitamin E (Tocopherol) is anti sterility vitamin.
  17. Vitamin K helps in blood coagulation.